La guerra della fine del mondo PDF/EPUB â della fine

La guerra della fine del mondo Alla fine dell Ottocento, nel Nordest del Brasile, appare una strana figura di santo e di profeta le ossa sporgenti e gli occhi ardevano di un fuoco perpetuo che attira intorno a s migliaia di persone sbandate e vinte dalle ingiustizie della vita Cos comincia la storia memorabile della piccola e remota Canudos, solitario avamposto contro l immenso Brasile e incontaminato luogo di pace, che sar raso al suolo e cancellato dal nuovo governo repubblicano Raccontando cose attuali, concrete, quotidiane, inevitabili come la fine del mondo e il giudizio universale , Vagas Llosa ricrea uno dei pi tragici episodi della storia dell America Latina, facendone un romanzo e una saga di forte intensit , specchio realistico e insieme fantastico delle crudelt , speranze e illusioni dell uomo


About the Author: Mario Vargas Llosa

Mario Vargas Llosa, born in Peru in 1936, is the author of some of the most significant writing to come out of South America in the past fifty years His novels include The Green House, about a brothel in a Peruvian town that brings together the innocent and the corrupt The Feast of the Goat, a vivid re creation of the Dominican Republic during the final days of General Rafael Trujillo s insidious regime and Aunt Julia and the Scriptwriter, a comedic semi autobiographical account of an aspiring writer named Marito Varguitas, who falls in love with Julia, the divorced sister in law of his Uncle Lucho He is also a widely read and respected essayist, writing everything from newspaper opinion pieces to critical works on other writers, including The Perpetual Orgy on Flaubert.Vargas Llosa is also active outside the literary arena, and was a serious contender for the presidency of Peru in 1990 eventually losing to the now disgraced Alberto Fujimori , an experience he documented in his memoir, A Fish in the Water On the controversial nature of some of his work he said, The writer s job is to write with rigor, with commitment, to defend what they believe with all the talent they have I think that s part of the moral obligation of a writer, which cannot be only purely artistic I think a writer has some kind of responsibility at least to participate in the civic debate I think literature is impoverished, if it becomes cut from the main agenda of people, of society, of life He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature for the year 2010, for his cartography of structures of power his trenchant images of the individual s resistance, revolt, and defeat.http us.macmillan.com author mariov



10 thoughts on “La guerra della fine del mondo

  1. says:

    Practical EschatologyAt precisely the time that Fyodor Dostoevsky was writing of the Grand Inquisitor and his confrontation with a Jesus returned to the world 1879 80 , the events he was fictionalising were playing themselves out in the scrublands of the Brazilian State of Bahia In fact, the Brazilian drama surpasses Dostoevsky s plot by including all the celebrities from the original biblical stories Who says history doesn t repeat itself Mario Vargas Llosa s The War of the End of the World Practical EschatologyAt precisely the time that Fyodor Dostoevsky was writing of the Grand Inquisitor and his confrontation with a Jesus returned to the world 1879 80 , the events he was fictionalising were playing themselves out in the scrublands of the Brazilian State of Bahia In fact, the Brazilian drama surpasses Dostoevsky s plot by including all the celebrities from the original biblical stories Who says history doesn t repeat itself Mario Vargas Llosa s The War of the End of the World is a docu fictional account of the so called War of Canudos and the events leading to it from 1877 to 1897 In Vargas Llosa s account it doesn t take much imagination to identify Antonio, The Counsellor, as Jesus the revolutionary Scotsman, Galileo Gall, as St Paul the local administrative power, Baron de Canabrava, as Pilate and the psycho fanatic, Big Joao, as Judas The Mystic, The Revolutionary, Satan, and The Betrayer could be playing out their cosmic roles rather than merely bit parts in a provincial theatre.Antonio s disciples the wretchedly poor, the dispossessed, criminals, the psychologically needy , followed Antonio in increasingly large and militant groups as he roamed the Galilee of Bahia State Wherever they went both plagues and miracles were reported, thus combining Old and New testament references The disciples had no means of support but lived off the contributions of food and water offered in the villages they entered Antonio preached and the band grew.What he preached was a kind of repentance the rejection of political republicanism and the return to monarchy Brazil became the realm of the Portuguese king after the Napoleonic putsch of his country in 1807 The details of things to be held anathema were derivative irreligion, taxes and the metric system Let the Samaritans of the South in Rio and S o Paulo have their republican apostasy, Antonio and his followers knew the joys of the true Kingdom of God ruled by Dom Pedro of course with its capital in Salvador They resisted the forces of the state like the Maccabees at Masada Their attack formation was that of a religious holy day procession they used whatever weaponry available in close combat They did not mind suffering casualties of ten to one for the cause.Galileo Gall was the mythical, unhistorical Osama bin Laden of his day He represents how the movement was shaped by cultural forces outside of Brazil and often quite opposed to the teaching of Antonio Gall was persona non grata in his native Britain, jailed in Turkey, Egypt and the USA for proletarian agitation and unionising, and wanted for murder in France, in Spain, and in Portugal His gospel was that of the anarchists Proudhon and Bakunin Gall s anthropological vision was only slightly less radical than that of St Paul He was convinced that phrenology, the study of the shape of the head, told all For Paul, only belief mattered, for Galileo it was hat size.As with the movement of Jesus, Antonio s went well at first But success, as so often, was its own undoing As a fiction structured around historical events, there is never any doubt that everything will end in tears and death Vargas Llosa s brilliance lies not in creating suspense about the outcome but about the development of the characters as they realise what they are themselves creating For me this is the magic of The War of the End of the World.It is also a rather splendid allegory of the early development of Christianity Vargas Llosa s insertion of the Paul character in the form of Galileo Gall suggests that he meant such an allegorical interpretation The rebel who ensures both the dissemination and the distortion of the message of hope was an ideological as well as literary temptation he couldn t resist


  2. says:

    La guerra del fin del mundo The war of the end of the world, Mario Vargas LlosaThe War of the End of the World is one of the great modern historical novels Inspired by a real episode in Brazilian history, Mario Vargas Llosa tells the unforgettable story of an apocalyptic movement, led by a mysterious prophet, in which prostitutes, beggars and bandits establish Canudos, a new republic, a libertarian paradise The War of the End of the World is a 1981 novel written by Peruvian novelist Mario Va La guerra del fin del mundo The war of the end of the world, Mario Vargas LlosaThe War of the End of the World is one of the great modern historical novels Inspired by a real episode in Brazilian history, Mario Vargas Llosa tells the unforgettable story of an apocalyptic movement, led by a mysterious prophet, in which prostitutes, beggars and bandits establish Canudos, a new republic, a libertarian paradise The War of the End of the World is a 1981 novel written by Peruvian novelist Mario Vargas Llosa 2003 1382 919 9643290131 20


  3. says:

    that s what happens when the world s most overrated living author GGM gets punched in the face by a far superior one MVL the fight occurred in a mexican moviehouse in 1976 and neither of em have ever discussed said incident whatever went down a woman politics , i wish i was there to give the chubby bastard a kick in the ribs when he was on the ground the war of the end of the world deserves the place in the pantheon occupied by marquez s silly epics here we have a 20th century histor that s what happens when the world s most overrated living author GGM gets punched in the face by a far superior one MVL the fight occurred in a mexican moviehouse in 1976 and neither of em have ever discussed said incident whatever went down a woman politics , i wish i was there to give the chubby bastard a kick in the ribs when he was on the ground the war of the end of the world deserves the place in the pantheon occupied by marquez s silly epics here we have a 20th century history of the peloponnesian war, a sprawling messy fuckoff of a book featuring a most intriguing and elusive lead character war a dumbfuck spawned by a cocktail of human fanaticism jingoism and idiocy forget 100 yrs of solitude and love in the time of cholera read vargas llosa s war of the end of the world and mutis s the adventures and misadventures of maqroll and vargas llosa himself a marxist castro supporter turned right leaning peruvian presidential candidate love it his opponents read sex violence passages from his novels over peruvian radio in an effort to scare the shit outta voters it worked a japanese guy became president of peru MVL has long held the top spot on my people i d like to sit with in an open air bar drinking tequila while arguing books politics until the sun comes up list gotta make this happen image error


  4. says:

    The War of the End of the World is a panoramic and polychromatic canvas it is equally historical, philosophical, psychological and adventurous story and one of the deepest at that.Do the rhetorical quarrels of bourgeois political parties have anything to do with the interests of the humble and downtrodden The question is posed and the entire novel is a meticulous answer to this question.There are some strange pages in the history of humankind and the novel is an endeavor to open one of such pa The War of the End of the World is a panoramic and polychromatic canvas it is equally historical, philosophical, psychological and adventurous story and one of the deepest at that.Do the rhetorical quarrels of bourgeois political parties have anything to do with the interests of the humble and downtrodden The question is posed and the entire novel is a meticulous answer to this question.There are some strange pages in the history of humankind and the novel is an endeavor to open one of such pages The central figure is a magnetic person whose magnetism can t be explained rationally but the thousands were on his side and they fought unselfishly and desperately for their misty ideals.He who possesses charisma charms his followers similar to a snake staring at its helpless prey


  5. says:

    That a mad man walking from village to village in the poor northeast of Brazil in the state of Bahia, during the late 1800 s preaching to the poor the brotherhood of all, and the end of the world would cause the deaths of countless people, and shake the very foundation of the new republic is unfathomable Since the abolition of slavery and the monarchy less then a decade ago 1888, 1889, many homeless slaves have nowhere to go or feel wanted anywhere, white farm workers no jobs, neglected I That a mad man walking from village to village in the poor northeast of Brazil in the state of Bahia, during the late 1800 s preaching to the poor the brotherhood of all, and the end of the world would cause the deaths of countless people, and shake the very foundation of the new republic is unfathomable Since the abolition of slavery and the monarchy less then a decade ago 1888, 1889, many homeless slaves have nowhere to go or feel wanted anywhere, white farm workers no jobs, neglected Indians living in abject poverty eating roots, when available but they do have something in common, each is powerless and hungry exploited by the rich landowners , the governmentinterested in collecting taxes than helping them, they die like flies in the arid lands, frequent droughts, epidemics, bandits roaming the countryside killing stealing from the inhabitants the little they have Nobody cares until Antonio Vincent Mendes Maciel, known as Antonio the Counselor Gathering followers after twenty years of fixing neglected churches, cemeteries, comforting the impoverished becomes a saint to the locals He decides to build a new town Canudos, Canes spectacularly growing to 30,000 citizen in a few years, causes concern to the nervous authorities, since he opposes the Republic separation of church and state and Freemasons, unbelievers that influence greatly the Brazilian establishment The city does not use paper money, trading is the custom everyone has a piece of land and a mud house to live, food given to the helpless health houses for the sick and old, farms outside growing crops by the river nearby all, are equal The benevolent Counselor, no titles orders the building of a second church a magnificent cathedral the Temple of the Blessed Jesus, a bell tower above it ringing the faithful to come in, he Antonio gives sermons there, looking down at the adoring crowd the loyal, local priest Father Joaquim a former coward, with children from his concubine saying mass, burying the dead baptizing marrying couples Canudos is contended the Counselor has valuable apostles to govern, a dwarf a cruel woman that killed her infant child, Maria Quadrado a famous outlaw Satan John, now Abbot John the able, canny field commander Pajeu, with an ugly scar on his face, an angry fierce Indian that loved to mutilate his victim s noses and ears, a runaway slave heartless Big John, who killed his owner s sister a deformed man they call the Lion, who can read reformed by Antonio but the Republic is not happy sending armies to crush what they fear is an attempt wrongly to restore the monarchy, one, two, three, four arrive getting bigger and bigger each one, they re surprised that these peasants fight so ferociously, why A vicious conflict where prisoners are butchered, by both sides They will never quite understand the rulers, that these people have something to fight for, for the first time in their lives A place where they are welcomed, accepted and even loved the criminals, freaks the penniless, somebody is helping the lowest of the low A tremendous novel based on fact Mario Vargas Llosa, best book many critics believe including himself, not a happy read yet true mostly, an important one too


  6. says:

    This riveting story about a true event in Brasilian history is a page turner The story of the surprising rise and inevitable fall of the commune of Canudo out in the middle of the Bahia region is told from several perspectives and using painstaking detail The scenes of battle are excruciating and incredibly realistic Once again, Mario Vargas Llosa has delivered a marvelous piece of literature here and one can see why he deserved his Nobel in 2010.The narrative style is classic Vargas Llosa d This riveting story about a true event in Brasilian history is a page turner The story of the surprising rise and inevitable fall of the commune of Canudo out in the middle of the Bahia region is told from several perspectives and using painstaking detail The scenes of battle are excruciating and incredibly realistic Once again, Mario Vargas Llosa has delivered a marvelous piece of literature here and one can see why he deserved his Nobel in 2010.The narrative style is classic Vargas Llosa different perspectives covering all sides of this particular conflict and putting it in its complex historical context Certainly one of the great historical novels of the 20th C.In light of International Women s Day, I would need to point out that I can see how feminists would object to some misogyny in Vargas Llosa however Two rape victims become either lovers or married to their rapists and the other principal female character goes insane Perhaps it is a South American machismo, but all the other female characters came off as ignorant fanatics as well But, to his credit, in his later books like Feast of the Goat or The Bad Girl, the female characters are stronger anddeveloped This is truly epic historic fiction


  7. says:

    3.5 stars What an elephantine statement I began the novel with the impression that it was kind of a Christian millenarian Germinal in terms of the bleakness of its storyline By the end, however, it was clear to me that Vargas Llosa s model was predominantly Russian When AC says here that there is a certain archaism and hieratic nature in the writing, I think this is in part what he means, though the limited third person voice never widens to full God like omniscience The novel is based o 3.5 stars What an elephantine statement I began the novel with the impression that it was kind of a Christian millenarian Germinal in terms of the bleakness of its storyline By the end, however, it was clear to me that Vargas Llosa s model was predominantly Russian When AC says here that there is a certain archaism and hieratic nature in the writing, I think this is in part what he means, though the limited third person voice never widens to full God like omniscience The novel is based on the Canudos or backlands rebellion in Brazil of the late 1890s, which is known to us primarily from Euclides Da Cunha s pioneering Sert es available in translation from Penguin as Backlands The Canudos Campaign , which has been called the starting point of Brazilian letters Brazil has deposed its monarchy and established a young, unstable republic The disenfranchised monarchists want to hang on to their property rights and are in a political fight with the republicans This conflict forms the novel s lethal backstory In the foreground is the messianic figure, Antonio Conselhiero the Counselor , who, over thirty years of preaching in the backlands has assembled a flock of congregants, including many notorious bandits, but made up largely of poor farming families forced off the land by devastating drought The Counselor views the new republic as the Anti Christ because of a constitution that separates church and state The republic s transgressions include the institution of civil marriage, when, as the Counselor knows from direct contact with his deity, a perfectly valid form of religious marriage already exists Also cited as fodder for rebellion is the collection of taxes, viewed as an encroachment on Church tithing and a census, which is seen as a way to both reinstitute the slave trade, abolished under the monarchy, and provide the Anti Christ republic with the information it needs to undertake a pogrom of all declared Catholics An entirely baseless claim yet one that is not without irony given the story s genocidal conclusion.In time the dispossessed pilgrims settle on one of the landholdings, Canudos, of the Baron Canabrava The pro republican propagandist, Epaminondas Gon alves a man whose murderous PR would make even Joey Goebbels burst with admiration paints the squatters as recidivist monarchists in league with the elderly baron This is false It is true, however, that the squatters have rejected the republic When Gon alves arranges for a shipment of English rifles and ammunition to Canudos he conveniently exposes the monarchists as traitors to the fledgling republic and publishes accordingly Because of this deft bit of disinformation, the republicans and their armies and most of the public do not know that Canudos is in fact a religious settlement with eschatological leanings Even during the last prolonged campaign against Canudos the commanding general still believes that the jagun os have monarchist tendencies and English officers advising them Three times the republic sends the army against Canudos and loses ignominiously, thanks to the insurgents ruthless guerrilla tactics The fourth campaign succeeds.Vargas Llosa spends the first 200 pages alone establishing his characters They are a rogue s gallery, too, and include the nearsighted journalist, a character based on Euclides Da Cunha himself the elderly Baron Canabrava, head of the real ousted monarchists the newspaper owner and lethal republican, Gon alves Galileo Gall, a Scottish socialist, whose over zealousness and lack of self examination bring him to an ugly pass the ex slave, Big Jo o, who ruthlessly slices his mistress to bits during a backlands excursion Abbot Jo o, formerly Satan Jo o, Paje , Pedr o, and other murderous bandits turned upstanding Christians the Vilanova brothers, itinerant merchants the filicide Maria Quadrado the Lion of Natuba, a literate, deformed young man who serves as the Counselor s scribe and the entire Brazilian army a Tolstoyan dramatis personae if ever there was one.On the whole, the novel is an admirable endeavor The narration is straightforward, the diction very flat There s no fancy vocabulary, except for the occasional Portuguese word, and no structural sleight of hand The writing strives to stay out of its own way, and largely succeeds But neither does the prose exhibit any real nicety of style, to use E.M Forster s phrase, at least it doesn t come through in this translation In other words, it doesn t sing The book s achievement is in its structure and its length 580 pages A bit too long for me, the battle scenes especially As we hurtle toward the end, increasingly there s a tendency toward melodrama Cliches start popping up A chill ran down his spine Then again there are many beautifully vivid renderings of action and space the sere landscape, the streets of the impoverished squatter town Recommended with reservations


  8. says:

    Hailed as his masterpiece, War of the End of the World is megadense It churns inside the brain as it desperately tries to make sense of what is inherently senseless The world of the fanatical Counselor versus the entire republic of Brazil is perhaps one of the most exciting and well written war novels ever, on the same scale as Gone With the Wind There are many flavors here, like in most of his other denser novels, all of them are exceedingly palatable There are no Green House she Hailed as his masterpiece, War of the End of the World is megadense It churns inside the brain as it desperately tries to make sense of what is inherently senseless The world of the fanatical Counselor versus the entire republic of Brazil is perhaps one of the most exciting and well written war novels ever, on the same scale as Gone With the Wind There are many flavors here, like in most of his other denser novels, all of them are exceedingly palatable There are no Green House shenanigans here, nor some strikingly postmodern edge, like that of Aunt Julia Again, M.V.L impresses in his range and ambition the scope of this novel truly boggles the mind Although I still maintain that Feast of the Goat is his absolute best, this one is a close second


  9. says:

    There are books at which we arrive to too soon, books that are forced down our throats by well meaning instructors and friends, books that are passed on with loving grace and books that are clung to relentlessly for years There are books of which we hear much yet never open and obscure books that catch our eye in a musty booksellers that swiftly become those items with which to cudgel our own friends There are books that you forget minutes after reading and books that haunt your steps for year There are books at which we arrive to too soon, books that are forced down our throats by well meaning instructors and friends, books that are passed on with loving grace and books that are clung to relentlessly for years There are books of which we hear much yet never open and obscure books that catch our eye in a musty booksellers that swiftly become those items with which to cudgel our own friends There are books that you forget minutes after reading and books that haunt your steps for years like a ghost of memory Those are the books which I am always in search of, the always rare tomes that live on inside of you long after the final page is turned and inform your worldview for years, either consciously or not Without realizing the import at the time, picking this lengthy read from atop my ever growing to read pile was the defining moment of my entire year.Mario Vargas Llosa is an author of whom I had heard much, yet, for one ill conceived reason or another, had never picked up any of his works and read them All throughout my hodgepodge affair with Latin American authors there he has sat, waiting patiently as I endured the brilliant but meandering Garcia Marquez, the imaginative yet overblown Allende, the deliberately obtuse Bolano Finally on a cold morning in February, as I cursed at my stacks of books purchased in haste and then left to linger for months, the spirit of inspiration that first moved me to acquire this structurally unsound stack of literature lit onceupon my shoulder and whispered at me to pick that beautiful red cover featured above from the neglected horde Nothing has been the same since.It is remarkably easy to dive deep into the world of post Monarchist Brazil, populated by a vast coterie of the wretched and the ignorant and torn apart by the shifting winds of change and the turning of one epoch to another Brazil has won its freedom from the monarchs of Portugal and is constructing its first civil government with all the implements of the State which we take for granted now marriage available for the first time outside of a church, a census to better know the nascent country s people and its needs, taxes to be paid for the creation of new roads and railways to better connect this country of nigh unfathomable size Things that we, littlethan a century later, take for granted though we still seem to be having some delay with that whole Civil Marriage thing Not so in turn of the century Bahia, a state midway along the coast known today primarily for its vast cacao plantations In the backlands of this state wanders a man known as The Counselor preaching the Gospels to the illiterate, rebuilding churches fallen into disrepair and, everywhere he walks, showing love and acceptance for the most miserable and misshapen both physically and mentally , some for the first time in their lives He builds quite a dedicated following out of the dregs of society, winning over cangaceros bandits , merchants, beggars and mutants as he travels for many years around the interior Until one day he is shown a proclamation from the Republic informing the populace that civil marriage is now allowed and a census is to be taken regularly Seeing this as a full assault on the church to which he is beholden he realizes that the faith is under assault by this new monster called the Republic, who must surely be the Antichrist in disguise There is nothing to be done but to find some land and build a true city of god where his followers may live in peace The fledgling state sees this as an open revolt to be quashed immediately lest other regions follow the example of the faithful of Canudos and proceeds to send out that true Antichrist, the Brazilian Army to ruthlessly put down this secessionist movement.And so begins the tumultuous The War of the End of the World, based on true events but given poetic timbre by Vargas Llosa s pen A cast of hundreds filters through, all with their histories and viewpoints, none purely evil and all conflicted by the demands this new age makes upon them The beauty of Vargas Llosa s writing really comes through here as each, rebel and soldier, takes their minute upon the stage and illuminates very clearly the trying nature of these times The doomed European idealist Gallileo Gall who believes quite fervently in both the ideal of Revolution and the disproved tenets of phrenology The Dwarf, a member of a traveling circus fallen upon hard times The near sighted Journalist who plays the role of a faithless Job here, plagued by misfortune again and again The retired cangacero Pajeu who has found grace in the Counselor s teachings and makes up for his bloody past by becoming a guerilla leader against the Army expeditions that assault Canudos again and again The cast is vast but, so consummate is Vargas Llosa s skill, it never becomes overwhelming or difficult to keep straight.Like the better known Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Mario Vargas Llosa creates a whole world around the blessed miscreants in Canudos, but also improves upon it by pulling back on the scope of his ambitions and focusing instead on just those events that are germane to the story at hand Where Garcia Marquez can tend to become overblown and distracted by whatever thoughts pass through his, admittedly admirable, head, Vargas Llosa uses his digressions to better tie his story together This is performed so perfectly that when, near the end of the tale, a character says that Canudos isn t a story it s a tree of stories you can t help but nod your head in agreement and marvel at Vargas Llosa s deft skill in crafting such an impeccable novel Having been awarded the 2010 Nobel Prize for Literature one can only hope that this brings his works to a new generation of bibliophiles for he is, without a doubt, one of the finest wordsmiths that I have ever had the privilege of reading


  10. says:

    At the end of the nineteenth century a rebellion broke out in the back lands of Bahia, Brazil.The rebels who are poor people, bandits, people of uncertain ethnicity, former slaves, impoverished settlers, the disabled, all inspired by a charismatic religious leader and thoroughly alienated from the new Republic, were inspired by the hope that Dom Sebastian, the Portuguese King who had died in Morocco in the sixteenth century, would like a King Arthur return to rule over them, were eventually utte At the end of the nineteenth century a rebellion broke out in the back lands of Bahia, Brazil.The rebels who are poor people, bandits, people of uncertain ethnicity, former slaves, impoverished settlers, the disabled, all inspired by a charismatic religious leader and thoroughly alienated from the new Republic, were inspired by the hope that Dom Sebastian, the Portuguese King who had died in Morocco in the sixteenth century, would like a King Arthur return to rule over them, were eventually utterly crushed by the army after years of resistance view spoiler sorry about the spoiler, if you re still following this in the papers hide spoiler.The novel tracks the rebellion from its inception to its aftermath through a variety of point of view characters One is a revolutionary and phrenologist, another a rationalist journalist based on an actual gentlemen who wrote an account of the war symbolically his glasses are broken early in the preceedings, thus Vargas Llosa symbolically dismisses his ambivalent account and gets on with his own, the journalist becomes dependant on others to get about, the modern man reduced to being led about by the superstitious, backwards looking people who like players of lotteries can only imagine that their lives could be improved by the personal direct intervention of God view spoiler God, if capable of doing so, is not minded to intervene however hide spoiler The characters then allow the conflict to be seen as a conflict, or at least the testing ground of the different types of ideas scientific, pseudo scientific, pre scientific common in the world of the late nineteenth century What Vargo Llosa shows us is that eventually, once convinced of the seriousness of the rebellion in the back of beyond by the wretched of the earth, the forces of the state are capable of deploying sufficient mechanised violence to achieve victory.My abiding memory, aside from the poverty, was a sense of how the conflict transformed the lives of the characters and particularly how despite the fantastical and deeply religious motivations of the rebels, their lives seemed to be freer, even devoted to building a city in the badlands, than the formal, claustrophobic,hierarchical world of coastal Brazil The actual rebellion and the literary responses to it together clock up a good four or five references in Edwin Williamsons The Penguin History of Latin America, though at no point does he discuss the politics of a Spanish American writer addressing himself to an event in Brazilian History, and in doing so he chose not to write about the Tupac Amaru II rising in mid 18th century Peru Yet as a novel in the context of the development of Latin America it makes a very strong statement the vision of the future preferred by the elite will be victorious, all other concerns will be ignored however legitimate, the scream of the defeated will be recorded, but there will be no discussion and no concessions Order and Progress view spoiler all please stand for the nation anthem and waving of the flag hide spoiler


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